The Canadian Company of Pilgrims is the Canadian analog to American Pilgrims on the Camino. Their mission is to provide assistance to Canadian pilgrims. Credentials. LINK
The British Confraternity is an association of former and current pilgrims interested in the history and culture of Spain. A very comprehensive site featuring an unusually large amount of historical information about Santiago and the Camino. The source of the almost indispensable CSJ Pilgrim Guidebooks. Credentials. LINK
The mission of the Confraternity of Saint James of South Africa is to provide updated information on the Santiago pilgrimage routes - especially in the South African context. Useful FAQ page and links to other sites for the various pilgrimage routes to Santiago. Credentials. LINK
An association formed in April 2011 to link together Australian pilgrims. Credentials. LINK
The Irish association for the Camino de Santiago. Credentials. LINK
The Quebec Association of Pilgrims is a very large and active group based in Quebec, Canada and they maintain a large and comprehensive web site. They have a number of regional chapters in Quebec. Credentials. (French) LINK
A site based in Paris with sections focusing on la Société and its assistance to pilgrims as well as the Centre d'Etudes, de Recherches et d'Histoire Compostellanes (The Center for Studies, Research and the History of the Camino). Credentials. (French, English, Spanish, German) LINK
The Norwegian Confraternity gathers people with interest in pilgrimage and the Camino de Santiago. The Confraternity encourages international relationships on an ecumenical as well as historical, cultural and ecological bases. In addition, they consider their most important work to be revitalization of pilgrim roads in Norway and to focus on Norwegian cultural connections to St. James, St. Olav and others in the pilgrimage tradition. (Norwegian, English, Dutch, Spanish, Portuguese) LINK
The Dutch Genootschap van Sint Jacob (Association of St. James) maintains a very extensive site including information on the Camino in Spain as well as routes within the Netherlands. The Genootschap also carries out an extensive calendar of local events. Credentials. (Dutch, some resources in English) LINK
Deutsche St. Jakobus-Gesellschaft e.V. Credentials. (German)
Region Mitteldeutschland in der Deutschen St. Jakobus-Gesellschaft e.V. (German)
Region Norddeutschland in der Deutschen St. Jakobus-Gesellschaft e.V. Credentials. (German)
Fränkische St. Jakobus-Gesellschaft Würzburg e.V. Credentials. (German, Spanish, English)
Freundeskreis der Jakobuspilger Hermandad de Santiago e.V. Paderborn (German)
Sankt Jakobs Bruderschaft Österreich: Credentials. (German)
Credentials. (Flemish) LINK
Credentials. (French) LINK
Credentials. (French, German) LINK
Associação de Confrades e Amigos do Caminho de Santiago de Compostela–São Paulo–Brasil: Credentials. (Portuguese)
Caminho de Santiago de Compostela O Portal Peregrino: (Portuguese, English, Spanish)
Associação Brasileira dos Amigos do Caminho de Santiago: Credentials. (Portuguese)
The Association of Friends of the Camino de Santiago in Japan. Credentials. (Japanese) LINK
The Federación Española is the parent organization of the various regional associations of Amigos del Camino. In this capacity they are involved in providing information to peregrinos, in overseeing the physical state of the route, in the training and placement of volunteer hospitaleros, in promoting scholarly studies and meetings concerned with the Camino and in the publication of the journal Peregrino. The web site contains a wealth of information including practical advice on equipment and clothing, on pilgrim first aid, how the system of albergues operates, detailed descriptions of all routes within Spain including maps, albergues and other services. Also has an extremely useful list of all Camino associations in Spain with web site links to all. (Spanish) LINK
Although this is an association whose principal focus is the Camino de Madrid they have a great amount of information on numerous other routes. They also have a concise list of other associations in Spain and France. Credentials. (Spanish) LINK
The site of the Association of Friends of the Camino portugués. The site has the history of the route and a limited amount of practical information. (Portuguese and English but some pages only in Portuguese) LINK
The site of the Association of Friends of the Camino de Santiago de Zaragoza. Somport - Jaca - Puente la Reina. Credentials. (Spanish) LINK
The site of the Association of Friends of the Camino Seville, better known perhaps as the Vía de la Plata . Sevilla - Zafra - Salamanca - Astorga. (Spanish) Site gives locations in Seville where credentials may be obtained in person. LINK
Xacobeo.es is the website maintained by the Xunta de Galicia. The site contains a wealth of information about the various routes in Galicia as they converge on Santiago. LINK
Transportation in Spain
RENFE: El Red Nacional de Ferrocarriles Españoles, the Spanish national rail system. The site is available in English. RENFE provides convenient, fast and frequent travel to numerous cities and towns on the Camino and other pilgrim routes. RENFE's narrow-gauge FEVE service will be of particular note for pilgrims on the Norte route. (Purchasing tickets online from the United States can be frustrating. TripAdvisor has a page with suggestions about how to navigate RENFE's ticketing schemes and how to purchase tickets online. Click HERE.)
EuskoTren: Train, tram and bus services in Páis Vasco. Among other routes, they provide very frequent service between San Sebastián/Donostia and Hendaye. The site is in Basque but on the site's entry page the link to the left is for the Spanish version of the site.
FEVE: Ferrocarriles de Vía Estrecha operates a system that generally runs along the northern coast of Spain from Ferrol on the western end to San Sebastián on the eastern. In addition there is a line that extends from Bilbao down to León. Tickets for the FEVE are now handled through RENFE's site.
General information: The web site Spain FAQs has a page with general information on trains in Spain.
- The site The Man in Seat Sixty-One is a comprehensive site about everything related to train travel worldwide.
- The site Loco2 serves most of the countries in Europe and is an official agent for train operators in the UK, Germany, France, Spain and Italy.
Train travel other than Spain: The site of the Deutsche Bundesbahn is excellent for travel research in all of Europe in spite of its appearance of being Gernany-oriented, although it will not give prices nor allow reservations or ticket purchases except for travel with a departure or arrival in Germany. The RailEurope site is easy to navigate for train travel all over Europe. You can also use the SNCF (Société Nationale des Chemins de Fer) site but it is not quite as straightforward. (French but a limited version in English)
ALSA: ALSA is probably the most extensive bus system within Spain. They serve numerous locales along the Camino.
SPECIAL NOTE: The ALSA website has a special section for using their system to get from your city of entry in Spain to your starting point on a Camino and then optionally getting from Santiago to your city of departure from Spain, plus a few places in France. They also have information on transporting a bicycle. Click HERE. (These links are to the English version of the site but the site is also available in Spanish, French, German, Catalán, Galician and Euskera.)
The ALSA website appears to require a Spanish-credit card account for purchasing tickets online. If you have trouble accomplishing this try the site Movelia.
PLM Autocares: PLM Autocares provides service from Madrid to a number or localities along the eastern third of the francés inside Spain. These include Pamplona, Puente la Reina, Estella, Los Arcos, Viana, Logroño, Najera, Santo Domingo de la Calzada and Belorado.
El Grupo La Unión and La Burundesa: La Unión Group and La Burundesa provides service in País Vasco and points on the Camino francés as far west as Santo Domingo de la Calzada and Belorado. These include Bilbao, San Sebastian, Pamplona, Logroño, Santo Domingo de la Calzada and Belorado
Movelia: Movelia.es is a general purpose bus schedule and ticketing service for Spain but also with facility for connections to other countries.
Conda: The Conda system offeers routes in Spain with terminal points of Barcelona, Tarragona, Madrid, Pamplona, San Sebastián and Irún. Destinations in France include St. Jean-Pied-ed-Port, Bayonne/Bayona and Lourdes.
Arriva: The Arriva bus line operates between Santiago de Compostela and Finisterre as well as between other locations in Galicia. (This link is to the English version of the site but the site is also available in Spanish, Catalán and Galician.)
Monbus: Monbus has service in Galicia including a connection from Santiago de Compostela back to Sarría, a common starting point for those wanting to walk only the last 100 km. In addition there is service between Santiago and Finisterre as well as between other locations in Galicia. There is service to Piedrafita do Cebreiro, only a few km from O Cebreiro, from several departure points. Click on 'Horarios' on the left margin. The Santiago bus station is "Santiago de Compostela EE AA" (estación de autobuses)
Empresa Freire: Of interest to peregrinos Empresa Freire has a route that runs from Santiago to Arzúa, Melide, Palas de Rei on the francés and then northeast to Lugo.
La Estellesa: La Estellesa has frequent service on the Camino between Pamplona and Logroño. They offer service for Pamplona, Puente la Reina, Estella, Los Arcos, Sansol, Viana and Logroño as well as numerous small villages along this route.
Estación de Autobuses, Madrid: The Web site of the central bus station in Madrid. (Spanish)
General information: The web site Spain FAQs has a page with general information on buses in Spain as well as a long list of bus companies.
Air Europa: Air Europa is a carrier that serves Santiago among other destinations in Spain, but the links tend to be unusual for North American travelers.
Iberia: Iberia is Spain’s largest air transport group and as such has an extensive network of routes within the country as well as to foreign destinations. The linked page is for travel within Spain and is in Spanish. For the Iberia page for travel from and to the United States, select "USA" in the list of countries on the drop-down menu in the upper right corner. For English, click on "English" in the same corner.
Want to know about the common arrival airports for flights from North America or internally for accessing the Camino. Click on the airport name:
Transporte de Viajeros (Navarra): A website that consolidates public transport, mostly bus lines, in Navarra or with connections to Navarra. This includes Madrid and St. Jean-Pied-de-Port.
Express Bourricot offers numerous services transporting people and/or luggage among numerous locations including between Pamplona and St. Jean.
Publicly operated modes of transportation - RENFE, Iberia and the Madrid Metro - are susceptible to strikes so travelers need to be aware of what is happening. One site that is a good source for such information is Easy Travel Report. Private companies, e.g., ALSA, are generally not affected by these disruptions.
- It is difficult to keep all of this information up-to-date. If you find something in error, please let us know through Webmaster@americanpilgrims.org. Thank you!
To get to Roncesvalles we will assume that you can find your way by air, train or bus to Pamplona, the closest city with extensive transportation connections. To Roncesvalles you then have the choice of bus, van or taxi. The bus service is Autocares Artieda. Click HERE for information about service from Pamplona to Roncesvalles specifically. City buses from the airport to the city center and the bus station run frequently. There is also taxi service to Roncesvalles: Asociación TeleTaxi San Fermín (948 232 300), Asociación Radio Taxi (948 221 212) and Francisco Igoa Martinez (649 725 951). Obviously the taxi will cost much more than the bus. Also see the note below about ALSA's service from Pamplona to St. Jean.
To get to St. Jean-Pied-de-Port we will assume that you can find your way by air, train or bus to Bayonne (or Biarritz BIQ in the case of air, but be aware that it can be very inefficient and costly to get from that airport to St. Jean), the closest city with extensive transportation connections. The most commonly used means is the TGV (high-speed train) service from Paris. There are then several trains every day from Bayonne to St. Jean-Pied-de-Port, 1 1/4 to 1 1/2 hours. Consult the SNCF site. It is also possible to travel by taxi from Pamplona. See the information immediately above for Roncesvalles.
It can be complicated and inefficient getting to St. Jean from Madrid, depending on the timing of connections and the time of year. This may even require an overnight somewhere along the way. And in the same regard, returning to Paris from Santiago can be less than straightforward. Travelers from the U.S. planning on a start in St. Jean should strongly consider an 'open jaw' ticket, traveling from the U.S. to Paris and then returning to the U.S. from Madrid.
The bus line ATCRB has service throughout the day from Hendaye to Bayonne from where one can connect to the local train to St. Jean or to the TGV to Paris.
To get to O Cebreiro the bus will be your best choice from Santiago de Compostela, from Madrid or from various transportation hubs on the Camino to the east of O Cebreiro. From Santiago the bus line ALSA has a half dozen buses a day to the village of Piedrafita O Cebreiro which is about 5 km from O Cebreiro itself. ALSA also has service to Piedrafita O Cebreiro directly from Madrid, about a six-hour journey and in addition via an itinerary that passes through Burgos, Palencia, Astorga and Ponferrada among other places. All of those will have good connections from other locations in Spain or along the Camino either by bus or by train. From Piedrafita O Cebreiro you have two possibilities—simply walk it (you're about to walk 150 km after all) or take a taxi.
To get to Sarria there are two general options, bus and train. From Madrid by bus you will have to use the ALSA bus system to Lugo and then Monbus from Lugo back to Sarria. Several of these actually depart from Madrid's Barajas Airport, a great convenience. Monbus also serves Santiago to Sarria. In addition, RENFE has direct service from Madrid and Barcelona, perhaps the most likely entry points into Spain for travelers arriving from North America. After you enter the RENFE site, find the "Welcome" link that will take you to an English version of the site. Click "Find all stations ". You will then be presented with a list of every station in Spain. Select your day of travel and then your station of origin, Madrid or Barcelona for our purpose here. In the list of available destinations that appears, click on "S" and then Sarria. A search results page will appear. If there is a direct itinerary (no transfer), this will be presented first but if this is not to your liking, see if there is the offer "Para buscar trenes con transbordo seleccione fecha de viaje" ("To search for trains with a transfer, select the date of travel"). You can select the date and click "Buscar transbordo" ("Search for a transfer") to see a list of itineraries that involve a transfer.
To Sarria from Santiago again see Monbus. Click on Horarios on the left then Santiago de Compostela and Sarria for the origin and destination. This bus appears not to run Saturdays and Sundays - but check for yourself! Monbus serves various other towns along the western end of the Francés.
Weather and Climate
- Instituto Nacional de Meteorología: The Spanish national weather bureau is the ultimate source for weather and climate information in Spain. Below are some selected locations along the Camino francés and a few other routes with links to current, 7-day forecasts (what you're actually going to get) as well as links to climate data (what you should expect on average). If you're asking yourself "When should I go?" the climate tables are a resource to consider.
Location (Click for forecast)
St. Jean Pied-de-PortClimate
Villafranca del Bierzo
Santiago de CompostelaClimate
Finisterre / Fisterre
Toulouse (Vía Tolosana/Arles)Climate
Le Puy-en-Velay (Le Puy Route)Climate
Cahors (Le Puy Route)Climate
Vézelay (Vía Lemovicensis/Vézelay)Climate
Paris (Vía Turonensis/Paris)Climate
Tours (Vía Turonensis/Paris)Climate
Bordeaux (La Voie Littorale)Climate
Routes other than the Camino Francés
Visit our Route Overviews for brief descriptions of the other routes in Spain and France. We've listed here some other sites with much more detailed information on alternative Caminos.
Chemin d'Arles: Arles, France to Puente la Reina. A nice site in French, English and German with maps, picture galleries, a forum and numerous links to other sites that focus on the Arles route.
El Camino fonseca: Salamanca to Zamora to Ourense to Santiago de Compostela. This is a rather comprehensive site about this lesser traveled route to Santiago. An overall map, a list of albergues, a section on bicycling the route, several photographic galleries and a few related web links. Housed at the University of Salamanca. (Spanish)
Asociación de Amigos del Camino de Santiago Vía de la Plata: This association has a comprehensive site covering the distance from Sevilla to Astorga and with additional coverage of the Vía de la Plata Portugués and the Ruta Sanabrés (Spanish).
The Confraternity of Saint James: A link to the Confraternity's page with overviews of almost two dozen routes on the Iberian Peninsula as well as in France, Switzerland and Germany. Plus the pilgrim road from Oslo to Trondheim, the Way of St. Olav.
Federación Española de Asociaciones de Amigos del Camino de Santiago: This site contains detailed descriptions of all routes within Spain including maps, albergues and other services. (Spanish. Site may not function well with some browsers. The main drop-down menus are virtually invisible under the logo at the top of the page.)
Mundicamino.com: While not a site devoted to any single route, Mundicamino has a comprehensive list of routes throughout Spain with both general and detailed information. (Spanish, English, French, German, Italian, Japanese).
Gronze.com: Again not a site devoted to any single route, Gronze has a comprehensive list of routes throughout Spain and France. The site has particularly complete information on various routes with overview and detailed maps, descriptive information on the routes, villages and albergues. This site is also the source for a good guidebook covering the Francés, the Aragonés and the Finisterra. (Catalán and Spanish but with Google Translate into English, French, German and Italian).
Peter Robbins: British walker/pilgrim Peter Robbins has a very comprehensive compilation of all the roads to Santiago in Europe each with a short description. He has an admonition that his information may be dated, but its scope makes it worth a look.
Jakobus: A very extensive site focusing on Jakobsweg, the Camino de Santiago in Germany. In addition one section has pages on the Way of Saint James in the Netherlands, Belgium, Poland, Austria and Switzerland as well as general information on routes in France and Spain. (German)
World Heritage Sites of the Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France: In 1998, several sites in France were added to the UNESCO World Heritage Sites under the description: Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France. They are places related to the pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela in Western Spain, a part of the Way of Saint James. Usually they are churches or hospitals. Wikipedia entry.
Chemin de Compostelle: A site with much general practical advice and information on walking the Caminos but of special interest will be a comprehensive interactive map of all lodging between Le Puy and the Spanish border (GR 65) and an exhaustive list of Associations des Amis de Saint Jacques in all parts of France as well as associations in other countries (French).
Les Amis et Pèlerins de Saint-Jacques de la Voie de Vézelay: An organization and site dedicated to the Vía Lemovicensis (Voie Vézelay). The site contains information about transportation to Vézelay, stages and accommodations along the route (French but Google Translate available).
Association Bretonne des Amis de Saint-Jacques de Compostelle: The Breton Association of Friends of Saint James has a page in English devoted to routes in Brittany with a map of routes and an invitation to e-mail for details of these routes. They suggest that the Brittany routes should be particularly inviting for pilgrims from the British Isles. The French version of the site has a lot of information.
Jakobsweg Schweiz: This well-designed, easy to navigate and comprehensive site contains comprehensive information on the routes of St. James in Switzerland. Maps, route descriptions, elevation profiles, types of route signage, information about lodging, transportation, churches, groceries and more. Most of this information has been consolidated into a collection of PDF-formatted brochures organized in sections. (German, French, English but complete only in German)
Galicia Television: Surely the best collection of webcams connected with the Camino, including O Cebreiro, the interior of the cathedral in Santiago de Compostela, Finisterre and several of the plazas around the cathedral. All the sites are in Galicia. All are streaming, updated typically about every second, and some of the cameras rotate. Sign on at the proper time and watch (although not hear) the Pilgrims' Mass in the cathedral or by prior arrangement wave to friends back home from some plaza.
Burgos: The intersection in Burgos which has the well-known statue of El Cid. Streaming updated every 5 seconds.
Special interest groups and forums
Camino de Santiago Forum: A forum moderated and overseen by Ivar Rekve, a resident of Santiago de Compostela, with special interest areas on various routes, traveling to and from the Camino, biking, equipment, books and more. A good alternative if you're not on Facebook.
Santiagobis: Santiagobis is a Yahoo group devoted to the Camino de Santiago in all of its aspects. In order to access its information you will have to create a Yahoo account which is free. In addition to the messaging capability, there are always a number of photo galleries and you'll find a treasure trove of internet links on every conceivable topic relating to the Camino.
Other useful, interesting or amusing sites
Mundicamino: Certainly one of the most comprehensive Camino sites on the internet. A great deal of detailed information about essentially all the routes in Spain. A huge list of links to other Camino-related sites. (Spanish, English, French, German, Italian, Japanese)
The Joining of Heaven and Earth: This beautiful and informative site focuses on the medieval pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela but more broadly on the Romanesque World of western Europe in which it flourished during the eleventh and twelfth centuries. There are a number of very nice videos in the site.
20 things to see and do in Santiago de Compostela: You have your compostela. You've attended the pilgrims' Mass. You've hugged the Saint. Now what? Read this blog entry by the venerable Johnnie Walker.
The Xunta de Galicia Camino guide: This comprehensive site covers all things Camino within the province of Galicia.
The Camino Marketplace: The Camino Marketplace is a Facebook discussion group for people and businesses wishing to advertise or offer services and products of all kinds.
caminosantiago.com: A somewhat commercial site, but it has much interesting cultural and historical information about the Camino Francés. It also offers advice on first aid, on bicycling (including repair facilities along the Francés), an extensive list of (horse) riding clubs along the Francés and information about bus and train travel.
The U.S. Department of State offers several services that travelers should know about. Perhaps of most use is the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP). STEP is a free service to allow U.S. citizens and nationals traveling and living abroad to enroll their trip with the nearest U.S. Embassy or Consulate. Enrolling in this services offers these benefits:
- Receive important information from the Embassy about safety conditions in your destination country, helping you make informed decisions about your travel plans.
- Help the U.S. Embassy contact you in an emergency, whether natural disaster, civil unrest or family emergency.
- Help family and friends get in touch with you in an emergency.
Further information and the link to enroll are to be found HERE.
The Transportation Security Administration's (TSA) list of prohibited and allowed items in carry-on and checked luggage: This is the definitive source for which items are allowed and which are prohibited in carry-on and checked luggage onboard aircraft in the U.S. Individual TSA officers have the discretion to decide if a particular item is a danger or not but in our opinion, if an item is clearly on this list as being prohibited, you are taking the chance of having it confiscated if you try to carry it on. Without a doubt the largest question that peregrinos have concerning this is whether their trekking poles will pass. Hiking poles are specifically listed as not being allowed as carry-on luggage. It's your choice as to whether or not to try to carry them on but you might be prepared to have some way to check them if you are denied.
The Telegraph Online Newspaper: This somewhat dated site is a hodgepodge of information about the Camino including a brief overview of the pilgrimage to Santiago, essays on medieval relic worship and the Santiago legend, a concise distance chart and a good FAQ.
La Oficina de Acogida al Peregrino: The website of the Pilgrim Welcome Office (Rúa Carretas, 33), which has voluminous quantities of information on the history of pilgrimage generally and the Camino particularly, the Compostela and Holy Years. (Spanish, English, German, French, Italian) American Pilgrims has a page of graphs with pilgrim statistics drawn largely from data published by the Oficina's website.
The Cathedral of Santiago: The website of the Cathedral of Santiago containing voluminous amounts of information about the cathedral, liturgical services, the cathedral museum, visits to the roof, archeological excavation, pilgrimage, the cathedral archives and administration.(Spanish, English, Galician)
Centro Virtual Cervantes, El Camino de Santiago: A tiny part of a site devoted at all facets of Spanish literature, culture and art. The section on the Camino is organized around an interactive map and is a wonderful source for cultural and historical information of the entire Camino francés. (Spanish)
There is a virtual fly-through of the Santiago Cathedral housed at the University of California Los Angeles.
Galicia in 360°: A site with great 360° pictures of numerous sites in Santiago and around Galicia. You can control the rotation and zoom settings with the arrows under the picture. Jump to other sites by using the map or by clicking on the hotspots in the pictures.
UCLA, Dept of Spanish & Portuguese: An interesting but rambling site with many essays on various facets of the history and lore of the Camino (Partly in Spanish)
Leslie's Camino de Santiago: A personal site but with a huge (!) amount of information including planning, equipment and packing lists, books, photo galleries, albergues and much more.
Conocer Madrid: Many if not most Americans traveling to or from the Camino pass through Madrid. Many of the attractions are obvious—the Big Three art museums (El Museo Nacional del Prado, El Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza and El Museo Nacional Reina Sofia) and the Royal Palace—but after those, what? The blog Conocer Madrid is a collection of everything in the city that might conceviably be of interest. Click on "Todas las entradas" tab for the huge list. (Spanish)
La Fuente del Vino: Here it is! The famous fountain of wine at the Bodegas Irache. For the web cam, click on Fuente del Vino and then Web Cam in the center of the page. Apparently operational 9:00 to 19:00 Spanish time.
Los Sellos del Camino: A quirky but most interesting site devoted to collecting all the sellos (stamps) available on the Caminos. A Facebook page that requires signing in. (Spanish)
Personal sites, essays, reflections and blogs
Big Fun in a Tiny Pueblo: American ex-pat Rebekah Scott's blog written from Moratinos, on the Camino.
JohnnieWalker: One of the best blogs on the Camino! John Rafferty resides in Santiago and has his finger on the pulse of what is happening.
Portrait of a Pilgrim: Stunning photography and accompanying essays by National Geographic contributing photographer, Michael George.
Our Boat Leaves the Harbor: Mike and Ruth Hoffman's blog that covers Caminos in 2014, 2016, 2017 and 2018.
Camino Times Two: Camino Times Two is a blog overseen by pilgrim and author Beth Jusino. The original focus was walking from Le Puy to Finisterre in 2015 but the blog has blossomed into broader thoughts on the Camino, Spain and pilgrimage.
Other pilgrimages around the world
The websites listed here represent only a fraction of the information available. You are urged to do further searching for additional information.
Pilgrims and Pilgrimage: A site maintained by the University of York (Heslington, York, UK) that explores the concept of pilgrimage, a concept common to almost all cultures and faiths through the centuries, and which still today profoundly influences millions of people.
The Way of St. Andrews: St. Andrew is the patron saint of Scotland and the town where his relics were kept on the east coast of Fife overlooking the North Sea was established as a pilgrimage site over 1000 years ago. The site has information about numerous routes in Scotland.
Canterbury Cathedral: The Cathedral's history goes back to 597 CE when St. Augustine arrived in Kent, having been sent from Rome by Pope Gregory the Great to bring Christianity to the Anglo-Saxons. In 1170 Archbishop Thomas Becket was murdered in the Cathedral.
Durham Cathedral: Durham Cathedral was built to house the shrine of the Anglo-Saxon saint and bishop, Cuthbert, whose reputation drew pilgrims came from all over England.
The British Pilgrimage Trust:The British Pilgrimage Trust is a nonprofit organization dedicated to revitalizing the concept of pilgrimage in Britain. The site has scheduled events, a search facility and a clickable map of routes in Great Britain.
Pilgrim’s Way to St. Patrick’s Purgatory: The Pilgrim’s Way to St. Patrick’s Purgatory plots a route for modern pilgrims from Dublin to Lough Derg, Donegal, through the medieval past and the fragmentary riches that remain, providing a cultural itinerary that can be travelled by car or bike, on foot or boat, through one of the loveliest landscapes of Ireland and Europe.
Click HERE for an overview map of routes in Poland.
The Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs has a good general overview of the numerous routes in Poland.
The Lesser Polish Way of Saint James or Little Polish Way of Saint James is a route running from Sandomierz to Kraków.
The Jesus Trail: The Jesus Trail is a 65-kilometer hiking trail in the Galilee region of Israel connecting important sites from the life of Jesus as well as other historical and religious sites. The trail begins in Nazareth and ends in Capurnaum.
Israel by Foot: Israel by Foot was created to enable the independent tourist to easily "spice-up" a standard tour in Israel with real nature and hiking experiences. Their website provides practical information for the independent tourist who wants to explore Israel off the beaten track. Categories include self-guided walks, Bible walks, multi-day trekking, scenic road trips and guided hiking tours.
Pilgrimage to the 88 Sacred Places of Shikoku: A very extensive site by Dave Turkington who walked on the Shikoku in 1999, 2005, 2006, 2007 and 2008.
David Moreton: A very extensive site with numerous references and links. The location for ordering A Journey of the Soul and Shikoku Japan 88 Route Guide, probably the two essential books to carry.
The Pilgrimage of the 88 Temples of Shikoku: A quite comprehensive website covering planning, equipment, accommodations and photographs. (English, French)
The Shikoku: A brief guide dating based on the authors experience in 2001.
88 Temple Pilgrimage Wikitravel Guide: A good overview of the pilgrimage.
Two Views of the Shikoku Henro Pilgrimage: Two American writers, Gideon Lewis-Kraus and Matthew Firestone, write about wnat it is really like to walk the 88-temple pilgrimage route.
Perhaps of more interest to Camino aficionados would be the Kumano Kodo pilgrimage. Like the Camino de Santiago, the Kumano Kodo is on the UNESCO World Heritage List. In fact these two routes are have been joined together by the designation of those who have completed both of these pilgrimage routes as "Dual Pilgrims".
The Basilica de Guadalupe, la Cuidad de México: The enormous basilica of Nuestra Senora de Guadalupe in Mexico City is the most visited pilgrimage site in the Western Hemisphere. The shrine of Guadalupe is a place of extraordinary vitality and celebration.
Oslo to Trondheim: Since the early eleventh century, St. Olaf's Way has attracted thousands of pilgrims who have passed through forests and conquered mountainous skylines. The goal is the Nidaros Cathedral in Trondheim to pay homage to St. Olaf. Some good sites are
Pilegrimsleden Olavsvegene til Trondheim. This website, dedicated to St. Olaf's Way to Trondheim, contains a wealth of information on the route. (Norwegian, Danish, Swedish, English, German Spanish)
The Pilgrim Sly Treks Norway. A blog written during a pilgrimage made in the summer of 2009. Good practical information and numerous images.
St. Olav's Way, A one-page overview of the route on the site of the Confraternity of Saint James, Norway.
Rome: The Via Francigena, first documented by a 10th-century English archbishop, is the ancient pilgrimage route from Canterbury across France, Switzerland and Italy to Rome. The route was designated a Cultural Route by the Council of Europe in 1994. A few good sites on the Francigena are:
Confraternity of Pilgrims to Rome: An extensive site maintained by the Confraternity of Pilgrims to Rome. (English)
The International Association Via Francigena: The Association Internationale Via Francigena maintains an extensive site on this route. (English, French, German, Italian, Dutch) They also offer a document that describes the requirements for and the method to obtain the testimonium, the Francigena equivalent of the compostela. (Italian and English, German and French)
European Association of the Via Francigena: Founded in 2001 by 34 Italian municipalities and provincial administrations in Italy to promote the Via Francigena, the association now it includes 94 members, including Rome, Canterbury (UK) and Communauté Lys-Romane (F). The Association offers a credential. (Italian, French, English)
Via Francigena: A website of this name which has a lot of information and which offers a credential. (Google translation into English, French, German, Portuguese and Spanish)
Via Francigena: This magazine, published in Italian and English by the European Association of the Vie Francigena, is issued twice a year.
Via Francigena: Via Francigena is a Yahoo group devoted to the Via Francigena. In order to access its information you will have to create a Yahoo account which is free. Moderated, moderately active.
Il Cammino di Assisi: (Italian, English, Spanish, French, German, Portuguese)
Via Postumia:The Italian path to Santiago de Compostela, 931 km from Aquileia to Genova through 6 regions of Italy: Friuli-Veneto-Lombardia-Emilia-Piemonte-Liguria. (Italian)
Cammini Francigeni di Sicilia: A route entirely on the island of Sicily between Palermo on the north coast and Agrigento on the south. Although the Amici dei Cammini Francigeni di Sicilia was formed in 2009, this route is under development as of 2018.
The European Peace Walk: Officially launched July of 2014, the European Peace Walk is a trans-national, cross border initiative set on creating an integrated tourist path along the borders of Central Europe to celebrate the present European culture of peace. Open to all, the European Peace Walk is a 550‑km permanent walkway with supporting services and accommodation provided along the way. The European Peace Walk starts in Vienna-Bratislava, and then passes Sopron, Szombathely, Maribor, Slovenj Gradecand Kranj before ending at the Mediterranean Sea in Trieste, Italy. The EPW hopes to become a recognized fixture of modern day Europe, and within a decade, is expected to have 30,000 participants per year using it.
The Sultan's Trail: This route running from Vienna to Istanbul is named after Sultan Süleyman I who ruled from 1520 up to 1566 in the powerful Osman Empire. The trail will lead you through nine countries: Austria, Slowakia, Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, Romania, Bulgaria, Greece, and Turkey.
The Saint Paul Trail: The Saint Paul Trail follows the route walked by St. Paul on his first missionary journey in Asia Minor. It is a way-marked footpath from Perge, 10 km E of Antalya, to Yalvac, NE of Lake Egirdir. There is a second branch starting at Aspendos, 40 km E of Antalya and joining the first route at the Roman site of Adada. The route totals about 500 km.
The Santuario de Chimayó, New Mexico: During Semana Santa thousands of pilgrims journey to El Santuario de Chimayó, a tiny shrine in northern New Mexico. The destination of the pilgrims, El Santuario de Chimayó, is believed to hold the power to heal mind and body.
The Camino de Chimayó: An American Camino, the Camino de Chimayó, styled after the Camino de Santiago, is under development. The route is on graded and paved tracks through the Rocky Mountains and, starting in Denver, Colorado, will take pilgrims 560 km in 18 stages to the Santuario de Chimayó in northern New Mexico. At present support infrastructure for the Camino de Chimayó needs to be pre-arranged. Visit the website for details.
The California Missions Trail, California: In 1768, King Carlos III of Spain ordered his troops to establish the first European stronghold in Alta California. They built a series of 21 compounds, or "missions," from San Diego to Sonoma. And they founded the mission trail, El Camino Real, on a route followed by indigenous peoples, which itself was part of the migration path from Asia. This site is devoted to reviving this trail and establishing it as a path of pilgrimage. Another related site is El Camino Real's California Mission Walkers.